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Job Sharing and/or Part-Time Work

In a job share, two or more employees share a single position, each working a fraction of the necessary time. Job sharing allows employees to hold a position and still have time to spend with children or take care of other family responsibilities. A full-time employee might be allowed to shift to part-time—either as part of a job share, or simply as a reduction in working hours—and still continue in the same position. This shift can be temporary or permanent.

Benefits to Employers

  • Increases productivity
  • Increases net worth
  • Increases retention, reducing turnover costs
  • Increases job satisfaction

Benefits to Children and Parents/Families

  • Increases job satisfaction
  • Provides more time to meet family needs

Range of Practices in the United States

Nine percent of employers have a job share policy—a percentage that’s held relatively steady for the past five years.

Just under 18 percent of American workers are part-time, defined as working fewer than 35 hours per week.

Part-time workers have less access to flexibility overall (39 percent), as do low-wage workers.93 This can be extra stressful for low-wage workers, who are just as likely to have responsibilities for child care as high-wage employees but have fewer financial resources and are less likely to have a partner or spouse who can share family work.

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